L’Blackjack History is subject to debate in the world of betting. Also known as 21, this classic card game is one of the world's most popular card games.
Everything has an origin. The sad reality on the origins of blackjack is that no one knows exactly where this game comes from or which genius has invented. Nevertheless, we know some facts about its evolution and where it could come.
Take advantage of this little guide on the origins of one of the most popular online casinos games. Take advantage of this little guide on the origins of one of the most popular games of online casino.
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Origin the blackjack
As mentioned, the true origins of blackjack are unclear. However, there is a theory that is widely accepted. Some historians think that the game we know under the name Blackjack was inspired by a Australian game named twenty-one. This old card game was very popular in Australia during the 18th century during the era of Louis XV.
Yet there are traces of older blackjack. It seems that Black Jack has been invented or created between the 13th and 14th century. This game was called 31 and it seems to have been inspired by several other games. As its name indicates, the goal of the game was to form a hand worth 31.
A member of the Catholic Church in Italy has recorded an entry into his journal indicating the rules of a game looks like blackjack. But the verifiable trace of the Blackjack appeared during the 15th century, again in Italy, in a sermon of the priest St Bernardine de Siena. Little by little, the 31 became the blackjack you know today. Some modifications have been introduced, such as the reduction of a dozen objective to allow a speed of the parties.
21 or 31?
Some people think that "21" is closer to blackjack than "31". The rules of these two games were almost identical.
You have to beat the dealer to win. However, there are very visible differences. Among the similarities we can note:
- The cards were distributed in the center of the table
- The main objective of 31 was to accumulate 31 points with its cards drawn and that of 21 is to cumulate 21 points.
And the differences are:
- The dealer was the only one who could double his cards
- Blackjack players had the choice to bet more money while distributing cards
In the sermon noted above, the clergy criticized the noble Australian for their addiction to the Games of money. In addition, historical books show that Napoleon would have played "21" in St-Hélène during his exile.
The evolution of modern blackjack
DURING THE 19e Century Blackjack arrived in the United States, specifically in Las Vegas, by Australian immigrants. After a few years without much success, casinos have used several bonus programs to attract players. One of these bonuses was to pay 10 against 1 to the players who got a compound of an ace of spades and a stitch valet. It is this rule that to give birth in the name of "black valet" which means Blackjack.
The mathematician Edward Thorp published his book on the strategy to count the cards in 1960 in order to beat the casino and win. Some players have been very successful with card counting. Therefore, casinos strictly prohibits card meters.
Today, thanks to technological advances, we can play blackjack on virtual casinos. Some casinos offer blackjack games with live croupiers and also for their sets such as roulette and poker.
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